Part 9: Entrapped9
Short term and Long term refer to different mechanisms of memory. Short term memory is the use and function of information chunks for 15 to 30 seconds. Anything longer term than that belongs to long term memory. Long term memories are not formed right away, but rather coalesce over time in a process called memory consolidation that takes place in the amygdala. During that forming period, the amygdala senses various stimuli that could cause the event to be important or not, mostly emotional arousal (and whatever stimulus was in turn responsible for that emotional response).